God’s Sovereignty in Salvation

PassageTitleExegetical/Theological Question
John 6:36-45

Exegesis of John 6:36-45

Does a proper understanding of the original language in John 6:36-45 point toward the sovereignty of God in salvation by teaching unconditional election, irresistible grace, and perseverance of the saints?

1 Timothy 2:4

Does God Desire Every Person to be Saved?

Is the phrase “God our Savior, who desires all men to be saved” in 1 Timothy 2:3-4 a reference to God’s wish to save every single person or is there a more preferable interpretation?

Galatians 5:4, 7

Can a Christian "Fall from Grace" and Lose Salvation?

Does Galatians 5:4, 7 teach that genuine Christians can lose their salvation?

Covenant Theology

PassageTitleExegetical/Theological Question


The Relationship Between the Testaments

Three-Part presentation

Audio - Part 1

Audio - Part 2

Audio - Part 3  

How are the Old and New Testaments related? How should we interpret the New Testament use of the Old Testament when the New Testament uses the Old Testament in a way that appears to compromise grammatical-historical hermeneutics? What is the main difference between how Covenant Theologians and Dispensationalists answer this question? What role do Testament Priority and typology play in understanding the relationship between the Testaments? How does this understanding apply to some biblical examples?

Various The People of God Across the Ages: An Examination of Covenant Theology, Israel, and the ChurchWhat is Covenant Theology?  How does it relate to the structure of the Bible?  How does it comprehend the people of God throughout time?  How does it relate the different periods of redemptive history?  What are the continuities and discontinuities?  What is the relationship between Old Testament Israel and the New Testament Church?

Biblical Typology: The Connecting Link between the Testaments

What is the relationship between the Old and New Testaments? How much continuity or discontinuity exists between the testaments? Which hermeneutical principles are vital for properly understanding the relationship between the testaments? What role does biblical typology plan in all of this? How important is an accurate view of typology for properly interpreting the Scriptures? What is the nature of biblical typology? What is its function? How clear were Old Testament types? Wherein lies their beauty?

Various The Third Day: A Case Study in Normative Hermeneutics To understand the degree of normativity of the hermeneutic used by the NT authors, three questions need to be answered: (1) Can the same OT text have more than one meaning? (2) Was the hermeneutic employed by the NT writers one that regarded or disregarded the OT context?  Did the NT writers uncover divine intentions for the OT texts that were unknown to the OT author and/or distinct from the OT author's intention?  To answer these questions, it is helpful to examine a case study.  Both Paul and Jesus specifically declared that the OT Scriptures foretold that Christ would be raised on the third day.  A study of the OT's testimony of Christ rising of the third day demonstrates the robustness and normativity of the typological hermeneutic.

The Kingdom of God and Its Importance for the Believer 

The Kingdom of God is one of the major themes, if not the major theme of the synoptic gospels.  In fact, it was a central theme in the ministry and message of Jesus.  Thus, properly understanding the Kingdom is necessary for the believer.  How has the Kingdom of God been understood throughout church history?  How is the Kingdom of God defined?  What is its essence?  What is the difference between the "Kingdom of heaven" and the "Kingdom of God?"  Does it exist in the present age or is it entirely future?  Who are the people of the Kingdom?  How does it relate to the Church?  What are the implications one's understanding of the Kingdom of God?  What impact does it have?

Various The Covenant of Grace and Infant BaptismThis six-part teaching series represents what I have learned about how to approach the question of whether it is biblical to baptize the infant children of believers.  It covers a variety of topics.


An Analysis of 1689 Federalism 

Seventeenth-century Particular Baptists who subscribed to the1689 London Baptist Confession diverted significantly from the Covenant Theology of the Westminster Confession of Faith in at least five key areas - The Abrahamic Covenant, the Old Covenant, Old Covenant Israel, The New Covenant, and the New Covenant Church.  Their departures in each of these areas demonstrate significant weaknesses when measured against the testimony of Scripture.

The Spiritual Nature of the Mosaic Covenant

It is tremendously important to understand and properly emphasize the spiritual nature of the Mosaic Covenant.  To understand the nature of the Mosaic Covenant, we will answer three questions: (1) Presence: Was it only outward and physical or was it also inward and spiritual? (2) Relationship: How were the outward, physical dimensions of the covenant related to the inward, spiritual dimensions? (3) Implications: What are the implications of underemphasizing the spiritual?  Properly answering these questions keeps us from erring by either missing the spiritual altogether or abstracting the physical from the spiritual.

Theology Diagnostic Quiz

What theological system is most consistent with Scripture?  Dispensationalism (classical, revised, progressive)?  Covenant Theology?  Promise Theology?  New Covenant Theology?  One's theological conclusions are the outworking of his hermeneutical principles.  These fifteen hermeneutical questions provide a simple way to diagnose someone's theological position.